Open Box – Poetry quotation of the day

John Milton Cage Jr. (1912 -1992) was an American composer, music theorist, artist, and philosopher.

© (Photographer Unstated), John Milton Cage Jr., (Date Unstated)

A pioneer of indeterminacy in music, electroacoustic music, and non-standard use of musical instruments.

Cage was one of the leading figures of the post-war avant-garde. Critics have lauded him as one of the most influential composers of the 20th century.

He was also instrumental in the development of modern dance, mostly through his association with choreographer Merce Cunningham, who was also Cage’s romantic partner for most of their lives.

Cage is perhaps best known for his 1952 composition 4′33″, which is performed in the absence of deliberate sound; musicians who present the work do nothing aside from being present for the duration specified by the title.

The content of the composition is not “four minutes and 33 seconds of silence,” as is often assumed, but rather the sounds of the environment heard by the audience during performance.

The work’s challenge to assumed definitions about musicianship and musical experience made it a popular and controversial topic both in musicology and the broader aesthetics of art and performance.

Cage was also a pioneer of the prepared piano (a piano with its sound altered by objects placed between or on its strings or hammers), for which he wrote numerous dance-related works and a few concert pieces. The best known of these is Sonatas and Interludes (1946–48).

Bio Reference Attribution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cage

Photo Attribution © (Photographer Unstated), John Milton Cage Jr., (Date Unstated)

Source Attribution https://www.wikiart.org/en/john-cage

Music 1 Attribution © John Cage, 4’33”, Live at the Barbican – BBC Four Collections

Video 1 Attribution BBC

Source Attribution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yoAbXwr3qkg

Music 2 Attribution © John Cage: Selected Sonatas and Interludes for Prepared Piano I. Sonata I

Video 2 Attribution Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center

Source Attribution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NBY0-O9-37I

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Life Box – Quote of the day

Shonda Rhimes (1970 -) American writer and producer who was best known for creating such popular TV series as Grey’s Anatomy (2005– ) and Scandal (2012–18).

Rhimes initially had dreams of becoming a novelist but ultimately attended film school.

In 1998 she wrote and directed the short film Blossoms and Veils.

The following year Rhimes penned the HBO TV movie Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, starring Halle Berry.

Rhimes next wrote screenplays for the feature films Crossroads (2002), a vehicle for pop singer Britney Spears, and The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement (2004), a romantic comedy starring Anne Hathaway and Julie Andrews.

Subsequently Rhimes turned her focus to TV series.

Her first foray was a show about war correspondents, but only the pilot episode was made.

Rhimes breakthrough came when she created Grey’s Anatomy. The drama, which focuses on the professional and personal lives of surgeons, debuted in 2005 and was an immediate hit. In addition to its compelling story lines, the show garnered attention for its diverse cast, strong female characters, and interracial relationships, all of which became hallmarks of Rhimes’s series.

In 2007 she created Private Practice, a spin-off of Grey’s Anatomy that ran until 2013. Another spin-off, Station 19, premiered in 2018. Both shows were produced by ShondaLand, which Rhimes had established in 2005.

Bio reference Attribution https://www.britannica.com/biography/Shonda-Rhimes

Photo Attribution Leigh Vogel/Getty Images for Yahoo! News, Shonda Rhimes, (Date Unstated)

Source Attribution https://www.biography.com/media-figure/shonda-rhimes#:~:text=Shonda%20Rhimes%20is%20an%20American,the%20medical%20drama%20Grey’s%20Anatomy.&text=Before%20these%20series%2C%20Rhimes%20penned,Crossroads%20and%20Introducing%20Dorothy%20Dandridge.

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Open Box – Poetry quotation of the day

Jean Cocteau (1889 -1963) French poet, librettist, novelist, actor, film director, and painter.

Cocteau’s earliest memories had to do with the theatre, in popular forms, such as the circus and the ice palace, as well as serious theatre, such as the tragedies performed at the Comédie-Française.

At age 19 he published his first volume of poems, La Lampe d’Aladin (“Aladdin’s Lamp”).

Cocteau was the product of the years immediately preceding World War I, years of refined artistic taste that were devoid of political turmoil.

His real exploration of the world of the theatre began when he encountered the Ballets Russes, then under the direction of Sergey Diaghilev. When Cocteau expressed a desire to create ballets, Diaghilev challenged him to “étonne-moi” (“surprise me”).

This famous remark seems to have guided the poet not only in his ballets, such as Parade (1917), with music by Erik Satie, and Le Boeuf sur le toit (1920; “The Ox on the Roof”), with music by Darius Milhaud, but also in his other works; and it is sometimes quoted in his plays and films.

Some of Cocteau’s most important works include the poem L’Ange Heurtebise (1925; “The Angel Heurtebise”); the play Orphée (1926; Orpheus); the novels Les Enfants terribles (1929; “The Incorrigible Children”; Eng. trans. Children of the Game or The Holy Terrors) and La Machine infernale (1934; The Infernal Machine); and his surrealistic motion pictures Le Sang d’un poète (1930; The Blood of a Poet) and La Belle et la bête (1946; Beauty and the Beast).

Bio Reference Attribution https://www.britannica.com/biography/Jean-Cocteau

Painting Attribution Federico de Madrazo y Ochoa, Jean Cocteau, (c. 1910 -12)

Source Attribution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Cocteau#/media/File:Portrait_of_Jean_Cocteau.jpg

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Open Box – Poetry quotation of the day

Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792 -1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets.

American literary critic Harold Bloom describes him as;

“a superb craftsman, a lyric poet without rival, and surely one of the most advanced sceptical intellects ever to write a poem.”

Shelley was radical in his poetry as well as in his political and social views,

Bio Reference Attribution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percy_Bysshe_Shelley

Painting Attribution (Artist Unknown), Percy Bysshe Shelley, (ink and wash, c.early 19th century)

Source Attribution https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw115261/Percy-Bysshe-Shelley?LinkID=mp04088&role=sit&rNo=3

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Open Box – Poetry quotation of the day

Allen Ginsberg, (Irwin Allen Ginsberg,1926 -1997, New York, New York), American poet whose epic poem Howl (1956) is considered to be one of the most significant products of the Beat movement.

Howl, Ginsberg’s first published book, laments what he believed to have been the destruction by insanity of the “best minds of [his] generation.” Dithyrambic and prophetic, owing something to the romantic bohemianism of Walt Whitman, it also dwells on homosexuality, drug addiction, Buddhism, and Ginsberg’s revulsion from what he saw as the materialism and insensitivity of post-World War II America.

Beats wrote in the language of the street about previously forbidden and unliterary topics. The ideas and art of the Beats greatly influenced popular culture in America during the 1950s and 1960s.

Ginsberg vigorously opposed militarism, economic materialism, and sexual repression, and he embodied various aspects of this counterculture with his views on drugs, hostility to bureaucracy, and openness to Eastern religions.

Bio Reference Attribution https://www.britannica.com/biography/Allen-Ginsberg & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allen_Ginsberg & https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poets/allen-

Photo Attribution © Hans van Dijk, Allen Ginsberg, 1979

Source Attribution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allen_Ginsberg#/media/File:Allen_Ginsberg_1979_-_cropped.jpg

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Open Box – Poetry quotation of the day

Edward Young (1683 -1765), English poet, dramatist, philosopher, theologian, literary critic and author.

Young was the author of The Complaint: or, Night Thoughts (1742–45), a long, didactic poem on death.

The poem was inspired by the successive deaths of his stepdaughter, in 1736; her husband, in 1740; and Young’s wife, in 1741. The poem is a blank-verse dramatic monologue of nearly 10,000 lines, divided into nine parts, or “Nights.” It was enormously popular.

This genre of graveyard poetry express the sorrow and pain of bereavement, evoking the horror of death’s physical manifestations, and suggest the transitory nature of human life.

The meditative, philosophical tendencies of graveyard poetry found their fullest expression in Thomas Gray’s “An Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard” (1751).

Young is perhaps one of the lesser recognized English poets of the time. He is now mostly known for a single work, Night Thoughts, though he was a prolific writer who produced a number of popular poems.

Much of his early work was designed to praise a range of royal personages such as Queen Anne or eulogize luminaries of the time including Joseph Addison.

When he later collected his own works together, he would exclude most of these overly pious and sycophantic early works for the more sober and accomplished ones that were to follow.

As a dramatist, Young lacked a theatrical sense, and his plays were rarely performed. Of them, The Revenge (Drury Lane, April 1721) is generally thought to be the best.

Young’s fame in Europe, particularly in Germany, was augmented by a prose work, the Conjectures on Original Composition (1759), addressed to his friend Samuel Richardson. It sums up succinctly and forcefully many strains of thought later regarded as Romantic.

The poet was a great influence on writers of the time including Goethe.

Towards the end of the century the great poet and artist William Blake would reproduce and illustrate his famous work Night Thoughts.

Bio Reference Attribution https://www.britannica.com/biography/Edward-Young & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Young & https://mypoeticside.com/poets/edward-young-poems

Image Attribution J Colvert?, Edward Young, (Unstated)

Source Attribution https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Young_(Dichter)#/media/Datei:Edward_Young.png

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Open Box – Poetry quotation of the day

George Sand (pseudonym of Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dudevant, née Dupin,1804 -1876), French writer, memoirist and journalist.

Sand was known primarily for her so-called rustic novels. One of the more popular writers in Europe in her lifetime, being more renowned than both Victor Hugo and Honoré de Balzac in England in the 1830s and 1840s,

The author is recognised as one of the most notable writers of the European Romantic era.

Brought up in Nohant, near La Châtre in Berry, the country home of her grandmother. There she gained the profound love and understanding of the countryside that were to inform most of her works.

In 1817 she was sent to a convent in Paris, where she acquired a mystical fervour that, though it soon abated, left its mark.

After an unhappy marriage and love affair she left Nohant for Paris, where she found a good friend in Henri de Latouche, the director of the newspaper Le Figaro, who accepted some of the articles she wrote with Jules Sandeau under the pseudonym Jules Sand.

In 1832 she adopted a new pseudonym, George Sand, for Indiana, a novel in which Sandeau had had no part; and, she was certainly a non conforming radical in terms of the accepted social norms of her time.

Indiana brought her immediate fame and is a passionate protest against the social conventions that bind a wife to her husband against her will and an apologia for a heroine who abandons an unhappy marriage and finds love.

In Valentine (1832) and Lélia (1833) the ideal of free association is extended to the wider sphere of social and class relationships. Valentine is the first of many Sand novels in which the hero is a peasant or a workman.

Bio Reference Attribution https://www.britannica.com/biography/George-Sand & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Sand

Photo Attribution © Nadar, George Sand, 1864

Source Attribution https://www.britannica.com/biography/George-Sand

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Open Box – Poetry quotation of the day

Joseph Brodsky (Iosip Aleksandrovich Brodsky,1940 -1996) Russian-born American poet who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1987 for his important lyric and elegiac poems.

Brodsky ran afoul of Soviet authorities and was expelled (“strongly advised” to emigrate) from the Soviet Union in 1972, settling in the United States with the help of W. H. Auden and other supporters.

Brodsky’s poetry addresses personal themes and treats in a powerful, meditative fashion the universal concerns of life, death, and the meaning of existence.

Despite what may be assumed from his exile, his writing was not overtly political but was instead unsettling to Soviet officials because of its overarching themes of antimaterialism and praise for individual freedom.

Bio Reference Attribution https://www.britannica.com/biography/Joseph-Brodsky & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Brodsky

Photo Attribution © Anefo / Croes, R.C, Joseph Brodsky, (Date Unstated)

Source Attribution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Brodsky#/media/File:Joseph_Brodsky_1988.jpg

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Open Box – Poetry quotation of the day

© Peter Vandyke, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1795

Samuel Taylor Coleridge, (1772 -1834), English lyrical poet, critic, and philosopher and theologian. His Lyrical Ballads, written with William Wordsworth, heralded the English Romantic movement. He was a member of the Lake Poets. His Biographia Literaria (1817) is the most significant work of general literary criticism produced in the English Romantic period.

Coleridge also shared volumes and collaborated with Charles Lamb, Robert Southey, and Charles Lloyd.

He wrote the poems The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan. He also wrote the major prose work Biographia Literaria (1817) is the most significant work of general literary criticism produced in the English Romantic period.

His critical work, especially on William Shakespeare, was highly influential, and he helped introduce German idealist philosophy to English-speaking culture.

Coleridge coined many familiar words and phrases, including “suspension of disbelief”.[ He had a major influence on Ralph Waldo Emerson and American transcendentalism.

Painting Attribution © Peter Vandyke, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1795

Source Attribution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Taylor_Coleridge#/media/File:SamuelTaylorColeridge.jpg

Bio Reference Attribution https://www.britannica.com/biography/Samuel-Taylor-Coleridge & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Taylor_Coleridge

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Open Box – Poetry quotation of the day

Wallace Stevens, (1879 -1955) an American poet whose work explores the interaction of reality and what man can make of reality in his mind. It was not until late in life that Stevens was read at all widely or recognized as a major poet by more than a few.

Wallace Stevens is now considered as one of America’s most respected 20th century poets. He was a master stylist, employing an extraordinary vocabulary and a rigorous precision in crafting his poems.

He was also a philosopher of aesthetics, vigorously exploring the notion of poetry as the supreme fusion of the creative imagination and objective reality. Because of the extreme technical and thematic complexity of his work, Stevens was sometimes considered a difficult poet.

Stevens was also acknowledged as an eminent abstractionist and a provocative thinker, and that reputation has continued since his death.

In 1975 literary critic Harold Bloom, whose writings on Stevens include the imposing Wallace Stevens: The Poems of Our Climate, called him “the best and most representative American poet of our time.”

Photo Attribution © Sylvia Salmi, Wallace Stevens, 1948

Source Attribution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallace_Stevens#/media/File:Wallace_Stevens,_1948.jpg

Bio Reference Attribution © https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallace_Stevens & https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poets/wallace-stevens

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